Differences Between a 5 Paragraph Essay and an Article

There are differences between a five paragraph essay and an article like there are similarities between the two. The differences range from the rationale for the write up to the style, to length and components of the both kinds of writing.

First is; an article is written for publication. The writer of an article writes having in mind that he or she is writing for a very large audience consisting of different types of people from all spheres of life.

An article is for the newspaper, the magazine, journals and reference books. This simply means that the article is for the educated elite of the society, and people who know. The writer therefore chooses his words carefully because whatever he or she writes will be not be kept secret but for all to see. The five paragraph essay on the other hand is for students and people in the academic setting.

It is the recommended style of writing for students and the best technique for organizing ideas especially in examinations.

In addition to that, an article is based on facts and truth unlike the five paragraph essay which is based on a personal point of view. The writer of an essay does that on the wealth of knowledge he or she has.

This entails that if he has a limited knowledge on an issue, it tells on the quality of the essay he finally remits. The article on the other is a product of research and a compilation of other peoples view on an issue and then written in the writer’s own style. Again to this fact is that while an article is objective because of the facts, the five paragraph essay is subjective and prejudiced.

Again a five paragraph essay is limited to just five paragraphs unlike the article which is backed up by facts and therefore can exceed five paragraphs. The length of an article is dependent on the facts and the supporting details of the facts. Some articles can cover pages of newspapers and magazines while some others may not be up to 300 words.



Source by John Halas

Copywriting and "The Force"

My inner geek re-emerged after seeing Star Wars, Episode III – Revenge of the Sith.

The original came out in 1977 before the days of VCRs and small recording devices. (By the way, the title was Episode IV – A New Hope my sons inform me. NOT Star Wars as I foolishly thought.) As a teen, I paid to sit through it 15 times. My cousin and I even snuck in a cassette player and recorded the whole movie on two 60 minute cassettes, memorizing every line. Told you I was a geek!

Watching the final installment of the series come full circle last week, I realized there are similarities to the good and evil in the world and the good and evil of creating out-of-this-world copy.

1) Like “The Force”, copy is EVERYWHERE. It is in all of your marketing and promotional materials. Whether you’re talking about emails, websites, brochures, back cover product copy, ezines, blogs, flyers, even business cards…they all rely on copy to get your message across. Obi Wan Kenobi was right when he said, “It surrounds us. It penetrates us. It binds the galaxy together.” He just didn’t realize he was also talking about copy!

2) Persuasion techniques are just as prevalent in copy as they are in the old Jedi Mind Trick. Copy is salesmanship in print so naturally you need to overcome objections, put yourself in the shoes of your target market and move the prospect toward the sale. Get them thinking like you do. If they come to believe it was THEIR idea instead of yours, all the better!

3) Copy and lopped-off limbs can always be repaired. Jedi and Sith Lords have a habit of taking off one another’s limbs with light sabers. But never fear. They can be replaced with stronger, mechanical versions. Same with copy. Don’t be afraid to cut and edit your words. In the end your message can be more powerful.

4) Good copy and the Death Star pull the prospect in like a tractor beam. Whether the prospect consents or not, when the copy is on target and compelling, it should suck the reader in like it has gravitational pull. If your copy is doing the job, there is nothing else the prospect would rather do than read it right NOW. As earthling Gary Halbert put it, “Copy can never be too long. Only too boring.”

5) Just as Anakin Skywalker had a reason to turn to the Dark Side, you should have a reason “why” you’re giving such a great deal. (By the way, how hot is Hayden Christensen who plays young Darth?! Sizzling, I say!) Darth Vader didn’t become the Dark Lord because he WANTED to be evil. He had a darn good reason for turning. You, too, need to have a darn good reason why you’re making the exceptional offer you’re making. Did you make too many widgets? Are your partners coming for back pay? Do you have to liquidate your cassette product supply? Be honest, but let the prospect know “why” this deal is a no-brainer.

May “The Force” be with you.



Source by Lorrie Morgan-Ferrero

Performance Review Examples – A Technical Writer

Tired of looking through pages and pages of performance review examples in the Web and you still don’t know how to write up your own? Try this review example for a technical writer – there’s a short explanation for the example at the end.

English language proficiency (grammar, structure, syntax and semantics): 8 of 10. Writer is fluent in using the English language in all his articles. Needs only further training for advanced grammar like compound sentences.

Writing style and technique (voice, person, structure and organization): 9 of 10. Writer can write well in first-, second-, and third-person. He can “carry-on” a certain voice throughout an article without deviating from it, or change the mood or feel of an article when instructed to. Writer doesn’t outline his work before he writes, so there are some small organizational flaws.

Technical knowledge and experience (writing about technical topics): 7 of 10. Writer has no real experience in the field he writes in but compensates for that by reading some good material about his topic and his persuasive and impressive style of writing.

Work ethic and workplace behaviour (teamwork, attitude, and workplace influence): 9 of 10. Writer works well within his team and easily supervised. Can handle the pressure of deadlines well and boosts the morale of his team through his sociable manner and enthusiastic approach to his work. Direct superiors only ask that he volunteer more often.

If you noticed, in each of these items the employee’s strengths and weaknesses were mentioned. The strengths can be maintained and the identified weaknesses can then pinpoint his areas of opportunities so he can work on them. The scale of 1 to 10 also helps in that using such a scale can help measure the employee’s output and that means you can measure each and every employees’ output and set numerical goals for them to reach.



Source by Rebecca Kruger

Japanese Genkouyoushi and Essay Tips

It’s a type of paper used in all manuscripts of writing in Japanese. Vertical writing usually starts from right to left and top to bottom. Horizontal writing starts from left to right and top to bottom. Here are some tips for you.

Vertical Writing

  1. Title: write the title in the 1st line. The 1st word starts from the 4th square. If the title starts with numbers, write them in Kanji.
  2. Name: writer’s name is on the 2nd line. Last name comes before the first name. Leave 1 square between the last and first name. Leave 1 square below the first name as well.
  3. The First Sentence of the Essay or Paragraph: starts from the 3rd line in the 2nd square. Each new paragraph starts from the 2nd square.
  4. Punctuation Marks: usually occupy their own squares. Exception: when they will occur at the top of next line, we write them at the bottom right quarter next to the last word of the current line.
  5. Small Characters: each occupies 1 square and we place it on the top right quarter of the square.
  6. The Subheading (if applicable): has 1 empty line before and after. It starts from the 3rd square of a new line. If there are no subheadings, just start the next paragraph in a new line after the previous one.
  7. Elongation Mark: when writing from top to bottom, the elongation mark should also be written from top to bottom in the middle of the square.
  8. Writing Numbers: use kanji instead of Arabic number. One number occupies 1 square.

Horizontal Writing

  1. All the rules (1-8) in vertical writing would normally apply to horizontal writing.
  2. Small characters occupy in the bottom left quarter of 1 square.
  3. When writing conversation script, we use the Japanese quotation mark.

Essay Tips

  • Always aim to write about 90% of the words required. Between 90-100% is great. Below 80% will not give you good marks.
  • Always write Kanji if you can. Too many Hiragana will not help you get good marks.
  • Be consistent. Stick to whichever the form you choose to use for sentences throughout the essay. To include all what you wanted to write about without exceeding the word limits, we recommend to use the plain form. The plain form also gives the friendly feeling to readers.
  • Avoid using slang or colloquial words/ expression in the formal essay writing.
  • Avoid repeating the same words or the same content too often.
  • Avoid writing a sentence that is longer than 2 lines of the Genkouyoushi.
  • Ensure the logic of the sentence flows.
  • Ensure there are no typos or writing errors. e.g., You are thinking of 1 word but you wrote it differently.
  • If you need to write in pencil, please make sure you choose the proper one for clarity of reading and ease of writing.

‘H’ indicates the hardness. e.g., 3H is harder than H.

‘B’ indicates the blackness. e.g., 3B is softer than B.

‘F’ indicates that you sharpen the pencil to a fine point.



Source by Alan Okina

3 Levels and 3 Profiles of Technical Writing

If you are wondering what levels one can expect to reach in a technical writing career, here are 3 profiles just to give you a rough idea.

Please don’t forget that this is just an approximate picture and does not mean that you have to go through each level in exactly the same manner.

You may perhaps start off from the Intermediate level if you are bringing with you a strong background in software skills and job experience.

Or who knows, you might reach a senior level within just 5 years? That’s certainly possible too.

Individual cases always vary. But I believe what follows is still a useful general picture in terms of presenting you an overall survey of the technical writing landscape and providing some general benchmarks. They are not based on any scientific study but on my personal experience of over 10 years as a technical writer.

Please let me know if you’d have any questions about these career profiles.

Profile 1: Junior-Level Technical Writer

Time on job: 0-5 years

Job skills:

  • Writing interface documentation including user guides, installation guides, quick reference guides, release notes, help files.
  • No supervisory or management skills.
  • Optional: graphic and illustration skills.

Software skills:

  • Microsoft Office Suite
  • Optional: FrameMaker (Unstructured)
  • Optional: Photoshop
  • Optional: Illustrator
  • Optional: Help file editor (RoboHelp, Flare, Quadralay, DoctoHelp, etc.)
  • Optional: Version control software (MS Source Safe, etc.)

Profile 2: Intermediate-Level Technical Writer

Time on job: 5-10 years

Job skills:

  • Writing and editing interface and procedural documentation including user guides, installation guides, quick reference guides, release notes, system configuration guides, help files.
  • Single-sourcing and structured authoring.
  • Graphic, illustration, print-page and web design skills.
  • Assisting projects as lead-writer and supervising one or more junior writers.
  • Optional: simple document and web site localization and translation skills.
  • Optional: publishing articles in popular professional periodicals like STC’s Intercom.
  • Optional: serving as a Juror in professional technical communication competitions.

Software skills:

  • Microsoft Office Suite
  • FrameMaker (Unstructured and Structured)
  • Photoshop
  • Illustrator
  • Help file editor (RoboHelp, Flare, Quadralay, DoctoHelp, etc.)
  • Version control software (MS Source Safe, etc.)
  • Optional: Advanced version and content management software (Agile, etc.)
  • Optional: Dreamweaver and/or HTML coding

Profile 3: Senior-Level Technical Writer

Time on job: Over 10 years

Job skills:

  • Writing and editing interface and procedural documentation including user guides, installation guides, quick reference guides, release notes, system configuration guides, help files, API guides.
  • Single-sourcing and structured authoring including DITA structuring and database publishing.
  • Graphic, illustration, print-page and web design skills.
  • Leading projects as lead-writer and supervising one or more junior and senior writers.
  • Advanced print and online documentation project localization skills.
  • Publishing articles in peer-reviewed professional periodicals like STC’s Technical Communication.
  • Optional: serving as a Lead Juror in professional technical communication competitions.

Software skills:

  • Microsoft Office Suite
  • FrameMaker (Unstructured and Structured)
  • Photoshop
  • Illustrator
  • Help file editor (RoboHelp, Flare, Quadralay, DoctoHelp, etc.)
  • Version control software (MS Source Safe, etc.)
  • Optional: Advanced version and content management software (Agile, etc.)
  • Optional: Dreamweaver and/or HTML coding
  • Optional: XML Editor (FrameMaker, Arbortext, Oxygen, etc.)
  • Optional: Database Publishing editor (TEX, PatternStream, etc.)



Source by Ugur Akinci